Down Syndrome ( a disease of disabled children) updated 2023

Down syndrome children:


A disease of congenitally disabled children whose rate is increasing is called Down syndrome. Down syndrome is a genetic disorder in which there is an extra copy of 21st chromosome due to which the baby may born with disability i.e. both physically and mentally. This disease is also called as trisomy 21 because medically chromosome 21 is called as trisomy.


Basically, this disease is caused by a genetic disorder, in which 21st chromosomes pair become 3 pairs instead of 2 in the child.
These changes in genes of the affected child causes slowness of the growth and physical structure and the main reason for Down syndrome is that the age of the mother is more than 35 years at the time of marriage.

Symptoms of the disease:


The nature and severity of the symptoms of this disease is different in every child.
1. Having visible wrinkles around the eyes.
2. small inward ears
3. unusual round face.
4. Slanted eyes.
5. The growth of language.
6. Flat nose.
7. No lines on the palm.
8. Having more skin behind the neck.
9. Short stature.
10. Slowness in mental and physical development.

Effects of the disease:

This disease causes a decrease in immunity in affected children, due to which the chances of suffering from other diseases increases in such children. For example.

  • Heart diseases
  • Infectious diseases of the ears
  • Eye Disorders
  • Abnormal structure of people
  • Alzheimer’s.
  • Stiffness of the arteries
  • Tha Ride’s Disease
  • Sleep Apnea
  • Blood cancer

The rate of these diseases is higher than other children.


Diagnoses of Down’s syndrome can be done before birth through ultrasound or blood test. In addition, such children can be identified due to their abnormal physical condition at birth. Many measures are taken for their rehabilitation.



The weakness of the muscles of such children can create difficulties in their movements and movements, the muscles are strengthened with the help of physiotherapy exercises.

Speech Therapy:

Speech therapy is taken to help such children in their daily speech. So that they can correctly pronounce the correct words.
Parents also have a great responsibility to cooperate with doctors in making their children useful members of the society.

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